The Sessional Paper No.1 of 2005 on “A Policy Framework for Education, Training and Research” recommended, among other things, the establishment of a National Assessment System for Monitor Learner Achievement (NASMLA) in basic education. Consequently, the Ministry of Education established the National Assessment Centre (NAC) and domiciled it at KNEC.
The National Assessment Centre was mandated to carry out National Assessments/Monitoring Learner Achievement (MLA) studies under the NASMLA Framework, which was developed in 2007. The studies have been complementing public examinations (KCPE and KCSE) by assessing the performance of the school system rather than individual learners. In this regard, studies not only assess learners’ acquisition of the knowledge, skills and attitudes stipulated in the national curriculum, but also provide insights into the factors that impact upon learner achievement with a view to allowing for appropriate interventions.